Lecture : 3 Year : II
Tutorial : 0 Part : II
Practical : 3

Objectives:
The overall course is designed to make the students able to learn and understand the theory and practice by applying suitable surveying methods to produce map.

1. Orientation (3 Hours)
1.2 Analytical intersection and resection
1.2 Two points and three point resection and their significance
1.3 Instruction on field application

2. Triangulation and trilateration (7 hours)
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Accuracy of horizontal control systems
2.3 Triangulation figures; Choice of figures; Triangulation procedure
2.4 Angle and side conditions; error propagation in triangulation; strength of figure in triangulation; base line
2.5 Triangulation computations; Adjustment of triangulation
2.7 Combined triangulation and trilateration
2.8 First and second geodetic problem on the plane, trig sections, station and target eccentricities
2.9 Field works

3. Curves (7 hours)
3.1 Types of curve
3.2 Method of horizontal curve layout (Simple circular, transition curves by different linear and angular method
3.3 Computation and staking of vertical curve

4. Mining survey (7 hours)
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Mining terminology
4.3 Design of horizontal control networks in underground mines
4.4 Documentation and marking points; angle and distance measurement; error propagation in open and traverse
4.5 Mine orientation survey: Basic principle and classification
4.6 Gyroscopic methods of mine orientation

5. Hydrographic survey (7 hours)
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Controlling vessel position
5.3 Electronic positioning
5.4 Computation of position
5.5 Accuracy of positions
5.6 Depth determination, ship borne echo- sounding and mechanical methods, airborne laser and electromagnetic methods, related corrections
5.7 Use of current meter

6. Construction surveying (7 hours)
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Equipment for setting out
6.3 Horizontal and vertical control
6.4 Setting out a pipe line, laying pipe line through laser
6.5 Setting out of building and structures
6.6 staking out a highway

7. Areas and volumes (7 hours)
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Method of measuring area of irregular boundaries (Mid ordinate, average ordinate, Simpson’srule)
7.3 Area of closed traverse (Double meridian distance method, coordinates method)
7.4 Volumes by cross section method (Average end area, mean area, Trapezoidal rule, prismoidal formula)
7.5 Volume from spot levels, contour plan
7.6 Mass haul curve, use of mass diagram

Practical Field Works: Hours

1. Prepare a computer program in C for corrections to field observations 6
2. Intersection and resection using theodolite, computation and plotting 6
3. Triangulation and trilateration field works using theodolite and total station equipment, computation, adjustment and plotting 15
4. Discharge measurement of a stream using current meter 6
5. Setting of transition curve 3
6. Setting out of building foundation 3
7. Computation of volume of earthwork of given alignment of a road 6
Three assessments: mean of three will be final marks
References:
1. Surveying – A. Banister and S. Raymond, ELBS, latest edition
2. “fundamental of surveying” S.K. Roy, Asok K. Ghosh, PHI Learning Ltd
3. ‘Elementary Surveying – Paul R. Wolf, Russel C. Brinker – Harper Collins College Publishers
4. “surveying theory and practice” Raymond E Devis, Francis S Fonte, James M Anderson and Edward M Mikhael. McGraw hills
5. R.Agor – Surveying and Leveling – Khanna Publishers, Delhi
6. N NBasak – Surveying and Leveling – Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited New Delhi
7. SK Duggal – Surveying – Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited New Delhi
Evaluation Scheme:
The questions will cover all the chapters of the syllabus. The evaluation scheme will be as indicated in the table below:

 Chapter Hours Marks Distribution* 1 3 8 2 7 12 3 7 12 4 7 12 5 7 12 6 7 12 7 7 12 Total 45 80
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