ME605

 Lecture : 3 Year : III Tutorial : 1 Part : I Practical : 3/2

Course Objective:

This course is designed to give ideas about fluid-force and power. It covers general introductory part of hydropower plant. Most of the parts deal withwater-turbine, water-pumps, steam-turbine and hydraulic machine.

1.Introduction of Turbomachine and Dynamic Action of Fluid (10 hours)

1.1.Turbomachines

1.2.Hydraulic Machines

1.3.History of Development of Water Wheels and Water Turbine

1.4.Dynamic Force and Power

1.5.Linear Momentum and Impulse Equations

1.6.Application of Linear Momentum Principle

1.7.Dynamic Force Exerted by Fluid Jet;

1.8.Stationary and moving plates, flat and curved surfaces

1.9.Jet Propulsion Principle; Boat and ship propulsion

 2. Hydroelectric Plant (4 hours)

2.1.Essential Components and Features

2.2.Classification of Hydroelectric plants

2.3.Existing Hydroelectric plants

 3. Water Turbine (14 hours)

3.1.Types of turbines: Pelton, Francis, Kaplan, Cross Flow

3.2.Working Principles

3.3.Components and Their Functions, Specific speed, Design, Efficiency

3.4.Characteristics and application

3.5.Governor Principle, Types, Qualities, Control

3.6.Oil pressure governor:: Components, Working Principle

 4. Pump (8 hours)

4.1.Centrifugal and Reciprocating Types

4.2.Theory of the Centrifugal Pump, Specific Speed, Pump Head

4.3.Pump Characteristics, Energy loss, Cavitation, Efficiency, Effect of Viscosity, Series and parallel combination

4.4.Selection of Pumps

 5. Steam turbine and Hydraulic machine (9 hours)

5.1.Steam Nozzles and Types

5.2.Flow of Steam Through Nozzles;

5.3.Steady flow energy equation, Momentum equation

5.4.Principle of Operation of Steam Turbines

5.5.Types of Steam Turbine and Applications

5.6.Impulse and Reaction Turbine: Components and Their Functions, Working Principles, Efficiency

5.7.Hydraulic machine Types, Working Principle: Hydraulic Ram, Hydraulic lift, Hydraulic torque converter

Practical:

1.Performance Characteristics of Different Types of Pumps

2.Performance Characteristics of the Series and parallel combination of pumps

3.Performance Characteristics of the Pelton Turbine

4.Performance Characteristics of the Francis Turbine

5.Performance Characteristics of the Propeller Turbine

6.Performance Characteristics of the Cross-flow Turbine

References:

1.Robert L. Daugherty, Joseph B. Franzini and E. John Finnemore, “Fluid Mechanics with Engineering Applications”, McGraw Hill Book Company, SI Metric Edition

2.Dr. P.N. Modi and Dr. M. Sethi, “Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics”, Standard Book house

3.Dr. J. Tritton, “Physical Fluid Dynamics”, Second Edition, Claredon Press, Oxford Press

4.Dr. Jagadish Lal, “Hydraulics Machines”, Metropoliton Co.

5.R.K Rajput, “A text book of Hydraulic Machine”, S. Chandand Company Ltd. India

Evaluation Scheme:

There will be questions covering all the chapters of the syllabus. The evaluation scheme for the questions will be as indicated in the table below:

 Unit Chapter Topics Marks 1 1 all 16 2 2 all 16 3 3.1 & 3.2 3 3 3.3 to 3.6 16 4 4 all 16 5 5 all 16 Total 80
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